What Topics Should I Revise for GCSE Higher?

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Preparing for the GCSE Higher level is a crucial step in your academic journey, as it requires a deeper understanding of various subjects and more complex concepts compared to the Foundation level. To excel in your exams and achieve the grades you desire, it is essential to focus on key topics during your revision process. By organizing the topics under appropriate headings, we will help you streamline your revision efforts and make the most out of your study time.


Mathematics is a core subject in GCSE Higher, encompassing various branches that form the basis of advanced problem-solving and analytical skills. To excel in Mathematics, you should focus on the following key topics:


Algebra forms the backbone of GCSE Higher Mathematics, and a solid understanding is crucial for success. Revise topics such as solving equations with multiple variables, graphing linear and quadratic equations, working with inequalities, and handling simultaneous equations. Practice with real-world applications to reinforce your skills.


Geometry involves the study of shapes, sizes, and their properties. Focus on angles, triangles, quadrilaterals, and circles, along with calculating the perimeter and area of 2D shapes. Delve into the volume and surface area of 3D shapes and explore geometric proofs to enhance your problem-solving abilities.


Trigonometry deals with the relationships between angles and sides of triangles. Master the ratios of sine, cosine, and tangent in right-angled triangles, apply Pythagoras’ theorem to solve problems, and familiarize yourself with the sine and cosine rules for non-right-angled triangles.


Statistics plays a vital role in various fields, including science, economics, and social studies. Learn to represent data using graphs like bar charts, histograms, and pie charts. Practice calculating measures of central tendency (mean, median, mode) and explore the world of probability through tree diagrams and conditional probability.


Probability concepts are not only essential for Mathematics but also have real-life applications. Understand how to calculate probabilities for single and combined events, both experimentally and theoretically. Get comfortable with Venn diagrams and conditional probability for more complex scenarios.

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Calculus (Varies by exam board)

Depending on your exam board, you may encounter basic calculus concepts in GCSE Higher Mathematics. If applicable, focus on understanding differentiation (finding gradients of curves) and integration (finding areas under curves). This topic serves as a foundation for advanced studies in Mathematics and Science.

English Language

By focusing on the following essential topics in the English Language, you’ll enhance your ability to communicate effectively, critically analyze texts, and craft engaging and creative pieces of writing. Developing these skills will not only serve you well in your GCSE Higher examinations but also in your future academic and professional endeavours.

Writing Techniques

English Language exams assess your ability to express ideas clearly and effectively. Revise writing techniques such as persuasive, descriptive, and narrative writing. Practice crafting coherent arguments and employing literary devices to create engaging pieces of writing.

Reading Comprehension

Effective reading comprehension is crucial for understanding complex texts and answering questions accurately. Practice extracting information from different texts, identifying key points, and making inferences to improve your analytical skills.

Grammar, Punctuation, and Spelling

A strong hold on grammar, punctuation, and spelling is fundamental for clear communication. Revise the rules for proper sentence structure, punctuation marks, and common spelling errors to enhance the quality of your writing.

Creative Writing Skills

Creativity is a prized skill in English Language exams. Hone your creative writing abilities by brainstorming ideas, structuring your narratives, and incorporating descriptive elements to paint vivid pictures in your readers’ minds.

Analytical Skills

Analyzing literary texts is a crucial aspect of the English Language curriculum. Practice identifying literary devices, exploring the tone and style of different authors, and understanding the context in which the texts were written.

English Literature

English Literature at the GCSE Higher level is a captivating journey through the realm of literary masterpieces. As a student embarking on this academic endeavour, understanding key elements of English Literature will not only enrich your reading experience but also prepare you for success in your examinations.

Study a Range of Literary Texts

English Literature at the GCSE Higher level often entails exploring various genres, including poetry, prose, and drama. Engage with a diverse selection of literary works to expand your understanding of different writing styles and themes.

Analyzing Characters, Themes, and Motifs

An in-depth analysis of characters, themes, and motifs helps you grasp the deeper meanings within literary texts. Practice dissecting the actions, motivations, and character arcs of key figures in the stories you study.

Understanding the Author’s Intentions and Context

Understanding the historical and social context in which literary works were written provides valuable insights into the author’s intentions. Research the background of the texts you study to appreciate the underlying messages.

Comparing and Contrasting

Different Texts English Literature often requires comparing and contrasting different texts. Develop your comparative skills by drawing connections between themes, character development, and narrative techniques across multiple works.


Science is a fascinating subject that uncovers the mysteries of the natural world and its underlying principles. As you prepare for your GCSE Higher Science examinations, a solid understanding of key topics is essential.


Biology encompasses the study of living organisms and their processes. Focus on cell structure, genetics, and ecological systems. Understand biological concepts and explore how they relate to real-world scenarios.


Chemistry deals with the composition, properties, and reactions of matter. Review atomic structure, chemical reactions, and acids and bases. Gain an understanding of the periodic table and how elements interact.


Physics explores the fundamental principles governing the universe. Study forces, energy, electricity, and waves. Learn to apply these concepts to solve problems and explain natural phenomena.

Scientific Methods and Practical Skills

Science subjects often include practical components. Revise the scientific method, experimental design, and data analysis techniques to excel in laboratory-based assessments.


As you prepare for your GCSE Higher History examinations, it’s crucial to focus on key topics that provide valuable insights into significant events and historical interpretations.

Key Historical Events and Periods

History involves learning about significant events, periods, and civilizations. Focus on crucial moments such as World War I and II, the Cold War, and major social, political, and economic changes throughout history.

Understanding Historical Sources and Interpretations

Historical sources provide valuable insights into past events. Practice analyzing and interpreting various sources to develop a well-rounded understanding of historical narratives.


Revision is a vital aspect of exam preparation especially a-level maths revision, and with a focused approach, you can excel in your GCSE Higher exams. By prioritizing the essential topics under each subject, you can optimize your study time and build a solid foundation for success. Remember to stay organized, practice regularly, and seek assistance when needed to make the most of your revision journey.

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